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Bara, Parsa, and Rautahat in A.D. 1810 January 26, 2008

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Bara, Parsa, and Rautahat in A.D. 1810

1. Demarcation of the Nepal-India Boundary

Royal Order to Ijaradar Laxman Giri

Jestha Sudi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 210.

Royal order to Laxman Giri: ”We have received reports that the boundaries have been encroached upon in the Khairsalwar and other moujas from the Moglan (i.e. Indian) side. Check available records in consultation with the local chaudharis, kanugoyes, jaiwars, and other knowledgeable persons, and use force, if necessary, to retain control of territories which belong to us on the basis of such records. Do not relinquish even an inch of territory.

Appointment Subedar Ranajit Bhandari and Mir Munshi Raza Khan

Baisakh Sudi 7, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 184.

Subedar Ranajit Bhandari and Mir Munshi Raza Khan were deputed to demarcate the Nepal-India boundary in the Adapur area of Bara-Parsa district. A unit of the Batukdal Company, stationed in that district, was deputed to assist in the work.

Order to Local Functionaries

Baisakh Sudi 5, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 165.

Royal order to the subba, fouzdar, chaudharis, kanugoyes, mokaddams, jaiwars, jethraiyats, etc. of Bara, Parsa, and Rautahat: ”We have deputed Ranajit Bhandari and Mir Munshi Raza Khan to settle the dispute relating to the boundary at Adapur. Present yourselves before them whenever summoned without any delay.”

Land Grant to Mir Munshi Raza Khan

(1) Baisakh Sudi 1, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 163.

Mir Munshi Raza Khan was granted 3 khets (i.e. 300 muris) of land in Gokarna, Handigaun, Sunaguthi, and Bhadgaun under manachamal tenure.

(2) Baisakh Sudi 5, 1867,

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 164.

Royal order to subba, fouzdar, peshkar, chaudharis, and kanugoyes, of Bara, Parsa: ”We have granted the moujas of Dhanadi, Dharmapur and Inarwa in the Matioun Parganna of Bara-Parsa district as jagir to Mir Manshi Raza Khan. We have granted him exemption from all unpaid-labor obligations (jhara, beth, begar), with the exception of those meant for the royal palace.”
(Mir Munshi Raza Khan was paid a salary of Rs 1,200 per year, of this amount, Rs 400 was assigned in the form of revenue-yielding lands in Saptari-Mahottari. Raghav Singh Khadka, Ijaradar of Sapatari-Mahottari, was ordered on Baisakh Badi 12, 1867 to make arrangements for that land assignment. Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 160).

Emoluments of Ranajit Bhandari

Baisakh Badi 1, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 163-64.

Subba Balabhanjan Pande was ordered to disburse Rs 675 from the revenue collected in Bara and Parsa during the Vikrama year 1867 as the emoluments of Ranajit Bhandari, who had been deputed to settle the boundary dispute in Adapur and compile Jammabandi records in the district for the Vikrama year 1867.

Elephant Granted for Wedding of Mir Munshi Raza Khan’s Nephew

Baisakh Sudi 7, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 184.

Darogas Damodar Jaisi, Mahadev Upadhyaya, Bajavarna Thapa, Dharma Singh Bhandari, and Biradhwaj Khawas of the Hattisar office were ordered to grant an elephant of four cubits for the marriage of Mir Newaji Raza Khan, a nephew of Mir Munshi Raza Khan.

Boundary-Demarcation Regulations

Baisakh Badi 13, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 160-63.

Regulations promulgated in the name of Ranajit Bhandari and Mir Munshi Raza Khan for the settlement of (Nepal-India) boundary disputes.

(Abstract translation).
1. Establish your camp at Adalpur and summon the men deputed by the kanugoye. Tell them that you have been deputed by the Palace to settle the boundary dispute in Adapur.
2. If the kanugoye agrees to accept our claims to Chartla and other areas, as indicated in the course of talks held by the Mahila Guruju in Patna, settle the dispute accordingly in writing in the presence of the fouzdar, chaudharis, kanugoyes, jaiwars, and other knowledgeable people of Bara, Parsa, and Rautahat.
3. If the kanugoye does not accept our claims as mentioned above, ascertain from why such a dispute is being raised on an issue which had already been resolved between the two governments. Try to explain the situation to him.

4. If ( the kanugoye) remains intransigent, send a detailed report to the Mahila Guruju in Calcutta as well as to us.5. If the officials deputed from the other side have already left that place by the time you reach there, do not leave that place. Remain at Adapur and invite the men of the kenugoye.

6. If all mattes are settled with the exception of 50 or 100 bighas of land, do not let the dispute continue.

After the dispute is settled, ascertain the value of property looted from Chhakka Khan and others, make a list of the looters, and obtain a confession from them. If there is no dispute between the two sides on this question, this is good. Otherwise, report the matter to us.
7. If any matter comes up that is not mentioned in the order or regulations, dispose it if you two can agree in a manner that serves our interests. Otherwise, report the matter to us.

Compilation of Land-Tax-Assessement Records

Baisakh Sudi 5, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 165-67.

Royal order to Subedar Ranajit Bhandari: ”We hereby promulgate the following regulations for the preparation of tax-assessment records (Jammabandi) on Amanat basis for areas situated east of the Bariya river and west of the Adabar river in Bara, Parsa, and Rautahat, which are under the administrative jurisdiction of Makwanpur, with the exception of lands assigned as jagir to the employees of the elephant office (Hattisar).

(Abstract translation).
1. Prepare Jammabandi records on the basis of the assessment-rates for different taxes and levies as fixed in the Vikrama year 1850, and have such record endorsed by chaudharis, kanugoyes, ijaradars, mahaldars, mokddams, etc.

2. Sanction the perquisites of chaudharis, kanugoyes, mokaddams, and Jagirdars at the customary rates. Grant only such remissions as had been sanctioned in the Vikrama year 1850.

3. If it appears that revenue can be increased, but the existing ijaradar is not willing to raise the amount, appoint another capable person as ijaradar in consultation with the subba and the fouzdar. Prepare Jammabandi records accordingly.

4. If former ijaradars had collected taxes and levies from the ryots in excess of the rates prescribed in the Vikrama year 1850, obtain a confession from such ijaradars in the presence of the ryots, and then refund the excess amount so collected, and punish them with a fine of twice that amount.
5. If the local subba or fouzdar has taken brides or gifts and granted as ijara to any person for a lower amount of revenue, realize the shortfall from him, and punish the guilty person with a fine of twice that amount.
6. Do not reduce the amount of tax-assessment in collusion with the subba and the fouzdar. Reconfirm all allotments (Patta) of waste lands. Submit particulars of newly-settled moujas. If any person requests for the allotment of wastes lands, have allotment made through the subba and the fouzdar.
7. Do not accept any brides or gifts. We shall punish you if you take brides and reduce the amount of revenue. Transmit all gifts and presents that may be offered to you, and take what we give.

8. Measure and prepare Jammabandi, records of all confiscated lands in Bara, Parsa, Rautahat, Saptari, and Mahottari, other than birta and other grants made under the royal seal. Compile particulars of revenue collected from confiscated lands by Subba Jayafar in the Vikrama year 1866, have such record endorsed by chaudharis and kanugoyes, and forward them to us.
9. Measure all lands that have been assigned in Bara, Parsa, Rautahat, and Mahottari as the emoluments of mechanics employed in munitions factories, grant reasonable remissions to ryots and mokaddams, and prepare Jammabandi records for the balance.
10. Prepare records of new irrigation canals constructed in cultivated moujas. Grant remissions for half of the cost, and prepare Jammabandi records accordingly. Check the expenses sanctioned by the subba for repairing the fort, and peforming religious ceremonies during the Dashain and Fagu festivals, and indicate what expenses are reasonable.

11. Pay salaries as follows to your employees with funds supplied by the subba and the fouzdar:

    1. Rs 125 for a clerk to maintain records.
    2. Rs 20 per month each to two nausindas during the land-assessment operations.
    3. Eleven annas per day each to munsiffs, nausindas, and kathets on the days when lands are measured in each Parganna.
    4. Rs 12 per month each to three peons during the land-measurement operations.

Appointment of Jamadar Keshar Singh Basnyat

Jestha Badi 1, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 191.

Jamadar Keshar Singh Basnyat was given the cultivate (Sanbati) mouja of Archaute in Tokani Parganna of Bara district, on which taxes had been imposed at concessional rates (Kamtalasi) as his jagir from Baisakh Badi 1, 1867. He was entitled to appropriate the proceeds of all taxes and levies collected in that mouja, with the exception of rajanka levies. His duty was to help in the settlement of disputes regarding the (Nepal-India) boundary.
Appointment of Pheku Lal

Jestha Badi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 210-11.

Pheku Lal was granted the waste mouja of Gabhariya in the Matioun Parganna of Bara district as jagir from Baisakh Badi 1,1867. He was granted exemption from the payment of all taxes and levies other than rajanka. His duties were as follows: “Keep records and other evidence ready for use by the subbas whenever there is any dispute about the boundary in the area situated east of the Bariya river and west of the Tista river.”

2. Appointment of Local Functionaries

Appointment of Jhumak Lal Kanugoye

Jestha Sudi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 211-12.

Jhumak Lal was appointed kanugoye in the Parganna of Garh simraun and the tappa of Rautahat with customary privileges and perquisites. The mouja of Pipli-Bhagawanpur was granted to him as his emoluments. He was directed to maintain revenue records and pay the prescribed amount of salami fee to the Palace every year.

Reinstatement of Chaudharis

(1) Jestha Sudi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 211.

Royal order to Modi Rai and Bhinak Rai: ”On Baisakh Badi 1, 1867, we had appointed you as chaudharis in the Parganna of Garh simraun and the tappa of Rautahat. However, the local mokaddams and ryots have complained that they will leave the place if you are appointed as chaudharis there. Inasmuch as you have not been able to defend your case, we hereby dismiss you and reinstate the former chaudharis, Bakhat Rai, Khushilal Rai, and Gauri Rai. If you have made any collections from nanker lands, or other perquisites and revenues, clear the accounts.”
(2) Jestha Sudi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 212.

Bakhat Rai, Khusilal Rai, and Gauri Rai were reconfirmed as chaudharis in the Parganna of Garh simraun and the tappa of Rautahat from Baisakh Badi 1, 1867. They were granted two moujas comprising cultivating lands as their nankar. They were also permitted to appropriate the customary perquisites from these two moujas on payment of the prescribed salami fee every year to the Palace through the Amali.

Appointmetn of Bhusan as Kotwal

Jestha Sudi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 214-15.

Bhusan was appointed Kutwal of Rautahat, Bara, and Parsa with effect from Baisakh Badi 1, 1867. He was responsible for the recovery of stolen property in these districts. His perquisites were as follows:
In cash: One rupee from each mouja of Abal grade every year.

Twelve annas… Doyam grade.

Eight annas….. Sim grade.

Four annas…. Chahar grade.
In Kind: One maund from each mouja of Abal grade.

Thirty seers ….. Doyam grade.

Twenty seers…. Sim grade.

Five seers ….. Chahar grade.
Appointment of Biran Raut as Kotwal

Bhadra Badi 4, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 345-46.

Royal order to Biran Raut: ”You had been functioning as Kotwal of the Pargannas of Sidhmas and Naurangiya in Parsa district. However, these Pargannas were inadvertently placed under the jurisdiction of Bhusan in the Vikrama year 1867. We now reinstate you as Kotwal of these two Pargannas with effect from Baisakh Badi 1. Recover stolen property, including cows, oxen, and buffaloes, to their owners. Obtain your emoluments amounting to Rs 101 every year from the Amil. We also grant the following lands to you as jagir. In the event of disturbances in the border areas, join the Amali along with your own men.

Jagir Lands

10 bighas (including 5 bighas of waste lands) in the mouja of Inarawa in Baluwa, Naurangiya Parganna.

Other Perquisites

In cash: One rupee from each mouja of Abal grade every year.

Twelve annas…. Doyam grade.

Eight annas… Sim grade.

Four annas…. Chahar grade.

In Kind: On maund from each mouja of Abal grade every year.

Thirty seers… Doyam grade.

Twenty seers… Sim grade.

Five seers…. Chahar grade.

One anna from each tangiya (bullock-cart).

Appointment of Mehtar

Jestha Sudi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 213-14.

Royal order to Saburam Kahar: ”We hereby appoint you as Mahtar of ten Kahar families, in addition of foreign Kahars. We also assign you as jagir sixty bighas of waste lands in mouja of Situhar in the Parganna of Sidhmas in Parsa district. With full assurance, promote cultivation and settlement on these lands, and remain in attendance along with your community. Send you gifts of seasonal produce from time to time.
Jagir lands for ten Kahar families – Fifty bighas.

-do- for Saburam Kahar – Ten bighas.

3. Supply of Saltpeter

Shrawan Badi 10, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 305-7.

Royal order to Kamalu Mehtariay: ”We hereby grant you a seven-year contract (ijara) beginning with the Panchbirahi crops from Baisakh Badi 1 1867 and ending with the Rabi crops on Chaitra Sudi 15, 1873, for the following:
(1) Duties on salt (nimak-sair) and mining of saltpeter (sora-mahal) throughout the whole of Bara and Rautahat districts.

(2) Land tax (mal), customs duties (sair), tax on marriages (bihadani), taxes on communal facilities (sagaudha), fines and penalties (danda-kunda), and Amilan-Dastur (levies due to he revenue-collecting authority), in the following moujas, which have been included in the ijara:

    Hajmaniya, Siswa-Damariya, and Simra in Rautahat district.
    Ambapatre in Basantpur Parganna.

Supply the following quantities of saltpeter every year through the Amil and appropriate income from the revenues of the four moujas mentioned above.

Year Total quantity Government’s Ryots’s share to be

(Vikrama) of saltpeter share purchased by the

government

1867 248 … 20 228

1868 248 … 20 228

1869 248 20 228

1870 248 20 228

1871 248 20 228

1872 248 20 228

1873 248 20 228

1,766 140 1,569

Saltpeter shall be purchased from the ryots, and transported Hitaura, on payment of a total amount of Rs 2012¾ per maund, thus making a total expenditure of Rs 4,463-13.
This expenditure shall be met from the revenue of the moujas mentioned above as follows:

Moujas
Year Hajmaniya Ambarpatte Siswa-Damariya Total

(Vikrama) Rs Rs and Simra Rs

Rs

1867 85 100 442-11 637-13

1868 85 100 442-11 637-13

1869 85 100 442-11 637-13

1870 85 100 442-11 637-13

1971 85 100 442-11 637-13

1972 85 100 442-11 637-13

1973 85 100 442-11 637-13
With due assurance, promote cultivation and settlement in these moujas. Prepare 174 pucca maunds after twice processing 348 kaccha maunds of saltpeter extracted one year previously. Load the saltpeter in bullock-carts escorted by men of the Amil, on payment of one rupee for hiring each bullock, and transport to Hitaura. At Hitaura, have it weighed in the presence of the employees of the Sairdar of that place and of the Amil, seal each consignment, have it stored in the godown, and obtain a receipt. Inform the Dittha in charge of saltpeter in Kathmandu that the specified quantity has been supplied in Hitaura.

4. Problems of Revenue Collection

Cancellation of Revenue Remissions

Bhadra Badi 4, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 342-44.

Royal order to the chaudharis and mokaddams of Bara-Parsa district: ”Chaudharis have signed ijara bonds for each Parganna, and mokaddams have done so for each mouja. Even then, you have obtained remissions for the Vikrama year 1866 on account of drought, expenses incurred in providing irrigation facilities and perfiorming religious ceremonies, and loss of revendue cuased by Guthi and Jagir land grants. No such remissions can be permitted in ijaras. Any profit or loss belongs to you. The account of such remissions was not debited when Subba Jayafar’s account were audited at the Sadar Dafdarkhana.

”Jamadar Ganga Bux of the Rautahat has been deputed along with his troops to recover the amount from you. Liability to refund it belongs to chaudharis and mokaddams, not to the ryots. You shallbe punished if you shift this liability to the ryots. You shall be held guilty if you be recovered from the property of the present subba, fouzdar, chaudharis, kanugoyes, and mokaddams who may create such obstructions.

Particulars
1. Cherwant Parganna, under the jurisdiction of Bhikha Chaudhari.

Rs 18-12 remitted as sikaha(?) from the revenuesof Kumargedhi mouja.

Rs 11-4 remitted on the ground of small-pox (sitala) in the house of Mansa Gurau in Sapahi mouja.
Rs 18-2 remitted as Jagir and Guthi of the priest of the temple of Sri Rajadevi.
Rs 2-5¼ remitted as Guthi of the temple of Prananath on Nankar lands in Kakari mouja.
Rs 2-5 remitted as Amilan levies in Baspur mouja.

Rs 7 remiited in the account of Chaudhari Juthe Sahu of Newa in Basantapur Parganna for sikaha (?).
Rs 22-8 remitted as half (nisaf) of the expenses incurred in constructing irrigation channels in the area under the jurisdiction of Daya Chaudhari in Bariyarpur Parganna.
Rs 31 remitted from revenues due from Chakledar Kesar Singh to Tokani Parganna.
Rs 25 remitted as sikaha (?) of Bhaluwi mouja.

Rs 6 remitted from revenues due from Kashi Krishn of Parasto mouja from an expenditure of Rs 31, of which Rs 25 has been remitted.

Rs 150 due against a total amount of Rs 200 payable as salami in consideration of the appointment of Thagmadhi, Bihari, Nandan, and Naya as Chaudharis in Sidhmas Parganna.
Rs 132-11½ due from Hari Chaudhari in Jagatpur, Naurangiya Parganna. The breakdown is as follows
Rs 16 due ion Parasurampur mouja.

Rs 91-10½ due in Parsauni mouja against a total amount of Rs 116-10½/
Rs 15-5 due in Damarpur mouja.

Rs 10 spent on irrigation facilities in the moujas of Shyampur, Parasurampur, Bhedihar and Tedobhiya.

Rs 189-13 due in Garaf-babuwa under the jurisdiction of Pheru Chaudhari in the same Parganna. The breakdown is as follows:

Rs 79-13 from a total amount of Rs 184 due in the moujas of Pindari and Sikasa.

Rs 110 as salami in addition to the Jammabandi assessment in the mouja of Tulsi-Barwa.

Rs 19-3 remitted in the Parganna of Cherwant, under the jurisdiction of Bhikha Chaudhari, during term of Subba Desharath Khatri in the Vikrama year 1865. The breakdown is as follows:

Rs 2-5 as Guthi for the shrine of Isanath.

Rs as Vasashasti (?) of Surath Pathak.

Rs 1-14 as Amilan levies from the mouja of Baspur

Land Tax-Assessment Rates of Hillsmen

Jestha Sudi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 213.

Royal order to hillsmen cultivating lands in Bara-Parsa district: ”We hereby reconfirm the following land-holdings and land-assessment rates, which had first been introduced in the (Vikrama) year 1850:
Category of Cultivator Size of Holding Abal 4 bighas.

Doyam 3 bighas.

Sim 2 bighas.

Chahar 1 bigha.

Land-Tax-Assessment Rates

Irrigated land: One rupee per bigha.

Inirrigated land: Eight annas per bigha.

”Cultivatate your lands with full assurance, and pay taxes at the prescribed rates every year through the subba. If you cultivate lands in excess of the figure mentioned above, you must pay taxes at the rates current in the Parganna.”
Land Measurement

Baisakh Badi 9, 1867 (April 1810).

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 151.

Royal order to the jimidars, kanugoyes, mokaddams, ijaradars, and ryots of Bara and Parsa districts: ”Bhikha Chaudhari and other jimidar have come to the Palace with the complaint that ryots are finding it difficult to live because taxes have to be paid on Amanat even though these have not been measured. We shall, therefore, send munsiffs (survey officers) to measure such lands for the crops of the year 1867 Vikrama (A.D. 1867). Cultivate your lands with the assurance. In case anybody has reclaimed virgin lands, these shall not be granted as jagir, birta, or manachamal. If such reclaimed lands are inadvestantly so granted, you shall not be deprived of possession during the term of the allotment (patta). In that even, pay the taxes on such lands to the jagirdar or birtaowner, as the case may be, instead of to the subba or the fouzdar.”
(An order to Subba Balabhanjan Pande of Bara as well as to the local fouzdar and Peskhar, directing them to make arrangements for the measurement of lands in the manner mentioned above, was issued on the same date. Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 150).

5. Jagir Grants

Jagir Grant to Gulimani Musahar

Baisakh Badi 9, 1867 (April 1810).

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 158.

Five bighas of lands in Siripur mouja of Basantapur Perganna in Bara district had been granted as jagir to Gulimani Musahar in consideration of the services provided by him in procuring herbs and drugs for the royal palace. The grant was reconfirmed by royal order on Baisakh Badi 9,

Royal Order to Modi Mishra

Baisakh Sudi 9, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 185-86.

Royal order to Modi Mishra: ”We had granted the mouja of Hathiauli in the tappa of Rautahat to Pheku Lal. We have now received reports that you do not obey the orders of the jagirdar, but do what you like. If you want to stay on in that mouja, pay land tax at the rate of Rs 12½ per bigha. If you cannot pay the tax at this rate, shift your residence to your birta lands, not in the jagir lands of Pheku Lal. The Amil had given you birta land in that mouja; do not press your claim to that land.”

6. Birta, Mokarri, and Other Land Grants

Mokarri Grant to Gasain Prem Giri

Shrawan Badi 10, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 309.

Gosain Prem Giri had reclaimed the mouja of Maidhi in Rautahat. The mouja was granted to him as mokarri from Baisakh Badi 1, 1867. He was authorized to appropriate the proceeds of all taxes and levies collected in that mouja, with the exception of rajanka levies, in consideration of the payment of Rs 125 through the local Amil every year.
Mokarri Grant to Jagannath Bairagi

Jestha Badi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 219-20.

Jagannath Bairagi was granted the mouja of Khairbati in Asibhou Parganna of Bara-Parsa under Mokarri tenure on payment of Rs 201 every year. He was otherwise granted exemption from the payment of all taxes and levies, with to the elephant office (Hattisar).

Mokarri and Other Grants to Mukhiyas

Kartik Badi 5, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 480.

Royal order to Subba Balabhajan Pande: ”We have deputed Mukhiyas Hridaya Singh Das and Harsha Das to audit accounts in Garhwal. Hridaya Singh Das had been granted nankar lands in consideration of his appointment as kanugoye-patwari of the Pargannas of Sidhmas and Cherwant we had reconfirmed the grant at phikdar subject to a salami payment of Rs 185 yearly. Mayaram Das, Kumar Singh Das, and Harsha Das had been granted ijaras for the reclaimation of virgin lands, as well as lands under mokarri tenure. We reconfirm all these grants during the period when these persons are on duty in Garhwa.”

Birta Grant to Santaram

Aswin Badi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 399.

While in Banaras, ex-King Rana Bahadur Shah had granted the mouja of Soharisuhapur in the Naurangiya Parganna of Bara-Parsa as birta to Santaram through a ritual gift. Deva Sharma Ypadhyaya and Bhakta Singh Karki were ordered not to collect any fee from Santaram in consideration of the copper-plate inscription issued to him, but to measure the lands.
Phikdar Grants to Kokil Khawas.

(1) Bhadra Sudi 5, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 381.

Kokil Khawas was granted 1,000 bighas of land in Bhatni, Simra, Baerwa, and Sahathaul in Sidhmas Parganna of Bara-Parsa district unde phikdar tenure. 955 bighas were virgin lands, while 45 bighas had been reclaimed by Kokil Khawas himself. The grant exempted Kokil Khawas from the payment of all taxes and levies, with the exception of Gadimubarak, Godduwa, and Chumawan. The grant was inheritable.

A separate order was sent on the same date to Subba Lalabhanjan Pande, Fouzdar Narsing Basnyat, Peshkars Hula Lal and Khelapati Das, and the local chaudharis, kanugoyes, and jaiwars to demarcate the boundaries of these lands on payment of the customary fees. (Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 380-81).

(2) Jestha Sudi 6, 1967.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 220.

1,000 bighas of waste lands in the mouja of Man-Susahari in Sidhamas Parganna of Parsa district were granted to Kokil Khawas under Phikdar tenure, Subba Balabhanjan Pande of Bara-Parsa, and other local officials and functionaries were ordered to measure the lands and demarcate the boundaries.
(The royal order granting these lands to Kokil Khawas had been issued to Baisakh Sudi 5, 1867. (Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 169).
On Baisakh 5, 1867, the subba and other local authorities were ordered to given possession of the lands to Kokil Khawas. (Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 166).
Kush Birta Bitalab Grant to Radha Ballabh Vaidya

Bhadra Badi 4, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 341-42.

Radha Ballabh Vaidya was granted four moujas in the Parganna of Matioun in Bara district, Jagannathapur, Akarpathar, Dhodiya, and Bhusaha, as Kush Birta Bitalab on a tax-free basis.

Bekh-Baniyad Grant to Bhikha Sahu Chaudhari

Baisakh Sudi 9, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 185.

In the Vikrama year 1864, the waste mouja of Chataura in the Khesraha Parganna of Bara district had been granted to Bhikha Sahu Chaudhari on Bekh-Buniyad tenure. The grant was reconfirmed on Baisakh Sudi 9, 1867.
Bekh-Buniyad Grant to Hari Chaudhari and Dalpati Chaudhari

Jestha Sudi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 212-13.

Royal order to Hari Chaudhari and Dalapati Chaudhari: ”In the (Vikrama) year 1855, our father (i.e. King Rana Bahadur Shah), had granted you as Bekh-Buniyad 201 bighas of land in Basantpur mouja of Naurangiya Parganna, which had been lying waste for more than 100 years. The order stated that the lands should not be taken away so long as you remain loyal to us. You have been using these lands until the (Vikrama) year 1866. We hereby reconfirm the grant.”

Gulphul Grant to Ananda Das Bairagi

Jestha Sudi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 213.

Ananda Das Bairagi Giri was granted ten bighas of waste lands in the mouja of Rampur in the Khesraha Parganna of Bara-Parsa district for use as a garden and orchard under gulphul tenure.

Reconfirmation of Birta Lands of Monastery

Aswin Badi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 398-99.

Royal order to Mahant Nirvan Giri: ”Formerly, the King of Makwanpur had granted two moujas in Bara-Parsa district, Darwa in Sidhmas Parganna and Bankatwa in Naurangiya, as ritual gifts to Mahant Kripal Giri. These lands now belong to your monastery under birta tenure. When Lal Giri, the preceptor of Lal Giri, left the monastery he took away documents with him without permission. On the authority of these documents, he appropriated the produce of these lands. We now reconfirm these lands as the property of that monastery. Our father (i.e. King Rana Bahadur Shah) had also done so. we hereby nullify the claim of Lal Giri and reconfirm these birta lands as the property of your monastery. Take custody of the documents which are in the possession of Lal Giri. Use the ands as birta according to the terms of the original grant, perform the customary religious functions, and wish victory to us.”
Levy on Copper-Plate Inscription

Shrawan Badi 8, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 290.

Royal order to the two Ditthas who had been deputed to collect the levy on copper inscriptions of birta land grants in Bara, Parsa, and Rautahat: ”We had ordered you to disburse funds to Chandrashekhar Upadhyaya and Subedar Dokal for the purchase of goods in Banaras. We have now received reports that you have refused to makde the disbursement on the ground that no such provision has been made in the regulations that have been issued in your name. Collect the levy from birtawner as the rates mentioned in the regulations and disburse the amont mentioned in the royal order. If you make any delay in doing, so thereby disrupting work, you shall be held responsible.”

7. Land Reclamation and Irrigation

Land Grant to Bikha Chaudhari

Baisakh Sudi 5, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 174.

Bikha Chaudhari was granted authority to settle and reclaim waste lands in the area bounded by Mahekarpokhar in the south, the Churia Valley in the north, the Tarachhi river in the east, and the Bakaiya river in the west. The lands were situated in the Dostiya Parganna of Bara district.
Ijara Grant to Subba Jalim Singh

Baisakh Sudi 5, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 178-79.

Subba Jalim Singh was given as seven-year contract (ijara) for reclaiming the waste mouja of Sugauli in Sidhmas Parganna of Bara-Parsa district from the Panch-birahi crops of the year beginning Baisakh Badi 1, 1865 to the Rabi crops of the year ending Chaitra Sudi 15, 1871. He was authorized to appropriate the proceeds of all taxes and levies in that mouja, with the exception of rajnaka levies, in consideration of the following every year:

Year Mal Increase Total

Payment Rs Rs

Rs

1865 5 0 5

1866 5 1-4 6-4

1867 6-4 3-2 9-6

1868 9-6 7-0½ 16-6½

1869 16-6½ 16-6½ 32-131870 32-13 1-0½ 33-13½

1871 33-13½ 1-8¼ 35-6¼
The order added: ”With due assurance, promote cultivation and settlement in the mouja. Make the stipulated payment every year to the Amil. Procure settlers from birta lands, as well as from the Moglan (i.e. the Mughal country). If you procure settlers from Mal (i.e. taxable) lands, thereby reducing the revenue, or represent cultivated lands as waste, you shall be punished. Unpaid-labor obligations (Jhara, beth, begar) in the mouja have been remitted. Appropriate whatever amount you can raise in addition to the stipulated payment. If other people have started reclaiming lands in the mouja, do not disturb them. But if they have it waste, make payments as stipulated.”

Operation of Canal

Baisakh Sudi 9, 1867.

Regmi Research Collectio, vol. 39, p. 185.

Royal order to Subba Balabhanjan Pande: ”In the Vikrama year 1850, an irrigation canal had been constructed in the Parganna of Mewa. It was in operation until the Vikrama year 1866. In the Vikrama year 1867, Laxman Giri demolished it. This should not have been done. If the canal irrigates both Birta and Jagir lands, renovate it and distribute the water equitably.”
Ijara Grant to Mahant Ganesh Giri

Jestha Badi 1, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 199-200.

Mahant Ganesh Giri was given a ten-year contrat (ijara) for reclaiming the waste moujas of Pokhariya and Tejapagari in the Garh Simraun Parganna of Rautahat from the Panchbirahi crops of the year beginning Baisakha Badi 1, 1866 to the Rabi crops of the year ending Chaitra Sudi 15, 1875. He was authorized to appropriate the proceeds of all taxes and levies in that mouja, with the exception of rajanka levies, in consideration of the following payments every year:

Year Payment Increase Total

Rs Rs Rs

1866 10 0 10

1867 10 2-8 12-8

1868 12-8 6-4 18-12

1869 18-12 14-1 32-13
1870 32-13 32-13 65-101871 65-10 32-13 98-7

1972 98-7 24-10 123-1

1873 123-1 15-6 138-7

1874 138-7 8-10½ 147-1½

1875 147-1½ 4-9¼ 151-10¼
The order added: ”With due assurance, promote settlement and cultivation in these moujas, and make the stipulated payment every year. Procure settlers from the Moglan (i.e. India), as well as from jagir and birta lands. You shall be punished severely if you procure settlers from raikar lands. Unpaid-labor obligations (beth, begar) have been remitted.”
Ijara Grant to Nandan Chaudhari

Jestha Sudi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 215-16.

Nandan Chaudhari was given a ten-year contract (ijara) for reclaiming the waste mouja of Chhotki-Phulbari in the Sidhmas Parganna of Parsa district from the Panchbirahi crops of the year beginning Baisakh Badi 1, 1867 to the Rabi crops of the year ending Chaitra Sudi 15, 1876. he was authorized to appropriate the proceeds of all taxes and levies in that mouja, with the exception of rajanka levies, in consideration of following payments every year:

Year Mal Payment Increase Total

Rs Rs Rs

1867 5 x 5

1868 5 1-4 6-4

1869 6-4 3-2 9-6

1870 9-6 7-0½ 16-6½

1871 32-13 16-6¼ 32-13

1872 32-13 16-6¼ 49-3½

1873 49-3½ 18-6¼ 67-10¼

1874 67-10¼ 16-14½ 84-8¾

1875 84-8¾ 10-9¼ 95-2

1876 95-2 5-15 101-1
The order added: ”With due assurance, promote settlement and cultivation in these mouja. Make the stipulated payment every year to the Amil. Procure settlers from birta lands, as wellas from the Moglan (i.e. the Mughal country). If you procure settlers from Mal (i.e. taxable) lands, thereby reducing the revenue, or represent cultivated lands as waste, you shall be punished. Unpaid-labor obligations (jhara, beth, begar) in the mouja have been remitted. Appropriate whatever amount you can raise in adition to the stipulated payment. If other people have started reclaiming lands in the mouja, do not disturb them. But if they have left it waste, make payments as stipulated.”
Construction of Canal in Rautahat

Bhadra Badi 4, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 340-41.

Gosain Siddha Puri had previously obtained the mouja of Madhopur in the tappa of Rautahat, located in the Parganna of Garh Simraun, with the administrative headquarters in Makwanpur. The grant was reconfirmed on Bhadra Badi 4, 1867 through a royal order. The order also stated: ”The area depends on rainfall for cultivation you have now offered to construct a dam there for irrigating lands in your own mokarri mouja, as well as in four or five adjoining moujas. We grant you permission to do so. with due assurance, promote settlement and cultivation in that mouja and pay the stipulated amount of tax to the Amil every year.”

8. Goods and Services for the Royal Palace

Disbursements of Ram Narayan

Baisakh Badi 12, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 159-60.

Goods worth Rs 2001 and 3 annas had been bought on credit from Ram Narayan, a merchant, on Chaitra Sudi 6 and 12, 1867. Laxman Giri was ordered to disburse the amount from the ijara revenues collected in Rautahat during the Vikrama years 1866 and 1867.

Purchase of Banat Cloth

Ashadh Sudi 3, 1867.

Regmi Research Collecion, vol. 39, pp. 238-39.

Laxman Giri was ordered to disburse Rs 483-6 from the ijara revenues collected from Rautahat in the Vikrama year 1867 as the cost of banat cloth purchased on credit from traders. The breakdown was as follows:
Rs 115 for 20 yards of banat cloth purchased for Hanumanta Singh from Bhoj Kelwar at the price of Rs 5-12 per yard on Baisakh Sudi 3, 1867.
Rs 124 for 15½ yards purchased from Utin Kelwar at the price of Rs 8 per yard on Jestha Badi 6, 1867.

Rs 244-6 for 42½ yards purchased from Utin Kelwar at the price of Rs 5-12 on Jestha Sudi 15, 1867.

Remittance to Banaras

Ashadh Badi 12, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 233.

Bhakta Singh Karki and Deva Sharma Upadhyaya were ordered to disburse Patna Rs 4,000 to Chandreshekhar Upadhyaya and Subedar Dhokal in Banaras for the purchase of goods from revenue collected from the levy on copper inscriptions of birta land grants in Bara, Parsa, and Rautahat.
Porterage Services

Baisakh Badi 9, 1867 (April 1810).

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 150.

The chaudharis and mokaddams of the Pargannas of Cherwant, Basantapur, Bariyarpur, Khesraha, Tokani, and Totani (in Bara district) were ordered to recruit unpaid porterage services (begar) for the transportation of supplies procured for the Palace from Patna and Calcutta upto Hitaura.

9. Disbursement of Salaris

Salary of Kaji Ranadhwaj Thapa

Baisakh Badi 9, 1867 (April 1810).

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 147.

Laxman Giri, Ijaradar of Rautahat district, was ordered to pay Rs 303 as arrears of salary due to Kaji Ranadhwaj Thapa from the ijara revenues of the year 1867 Vikrama (A.D. 1810).

Salaries of Hattisar Officials

Aswin Sudi 2, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 421.

Balabhanjan Pande was ordered to pay Rs 3,754 and 11 annas to the officials of Hattisar (Elephant Office) from the revenue collected in Bara and Parsa duringthe Vikrama year 1867,

The End

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