In between birth and death

Struggling to achieve unwanted goals, and walking to reach undecided destination

Norway Bomber Anders Behring Breivik – A strong determined strategist July 24, 2011

Filed under: Uncategorized — rammanohar @ 9:07 am
Tags: , , , , , , ,

Investigation is zeroing on Anders Behring Breivik as the person behind 2011 Norway attack. And if Anders Behring Breivik is person, then investigation will be less of formality. This person is open book, and his A to Z motives and steps are already available in ready to use format in the word of Breivik himself. 1500+ pages document named “2083 — A European Declaration of Independence” has details, strategies, planning to make the 2011 attack possible in his own word. He has detailed the events and his preparedness till Wednesday July 20, i.e 2 days before Friday 22 the day when bombing happened. He is supposed to have posted this document online on the same day as the attack. Also Wikipedia mentions Six hours before the attacks, Breivik posted a YouTube video of 12 mins urging conservatives to “embrace martyrdom” and showing himself wearing a wetsuit and pointing a Ruger Mini 14.

Breivik is going to be discussed in the coming days for more reason than just the attack. He has been active in many online forums and appears to be running few websites too. Breivik is critical of the Islamisation of Europe and presents himself as cultural conservative. And he believes Marxism as the agent giving way to Islamisation of Europe.
He seems to be in his 32 and seems well conscious about the consequences in the aftermath. In his own word he was a successful entrepreneur making millions in outsourcing business till 2005. Then he ventured into capital market during 2005-08 in the hope increasing the funds for his plan that finally got executed on 22nd July. However, he ended up losing half of his millions. Listening in his word “My initial plan was to earn at least 5 million, then use the acquired funds to start a pan-European conservative movement or plan an advanced operation. It started out great and I earned my first mill (NOK) at the age of 24 which peaked at 4 million, 12 months later. In 2005 and 2006, recession hit my industry which resulted in lower income margins. As a result I decided to discontinue my company and instead salvage all the funds I could. The most cost efficient way of doing this in my country is to file for bankruptcy, which I did. I had now completed my goal and I had enough funding to proceed with planning of an assault operation. ……..I spent three years were I focused on writing the compendium, 2083. During a 12 month period in the beginning, I also played World of Warcraft part time (which had been a dream for some time – hardcore raiding:). I lived very ascetic and relatively isolated in this period. These three years would also contribute to detach myself from my “old life”. It’s a process I used in order to isolate myself from most of my network, in preparation for the coming operation. I feel that this period was needed in order to completely ”detach myself from “the game”, my “former shallow consumerist lifestyle ” in order to ensure full focus on the matters at hand. I guess it should also be noted that I did in fact lose 2 million NOK on stock speculation during the period 2005-2008 leaving me with approximately 2 million (half a million went to tax). Most of my funds were channelled through the company; Brentwood Solutions Ltd (and four other offshore accounts) which again channelled the funds to my Norwegian corporation; E-Commerce Group AS and to anonymous debit cards. Despite the fact that I used an offshore company/accounts. In retrospect I see that I made certain mistakes which has pressured my budget. I had approximately one million NOK (170 000 Euro) to spend on both writing the book and finance the operation. I spent more funds during the creation of the compendium leaving me with approximately 40 000 Euro plus credit for the operation.”
A graduate of Oslo Commerce School, Breivik appears to be just another social guy. He has friends, loves parties, drinking, hanging. But he also was conscious not to disclose his terror plan to his friends. He however had being strong advocate of conservative European culture and also was part of political party named Progress Party. But he was hopeless with the progress of Progress Party seeing it can’t compete enough to the ruling party. Breivik other side include strong knowledge in history and current affairs around work. He does mention examples India, China, USA, Sweden, Saudi Arabia etc. His overall management skills from financial to marketing skills appears wonderful as his details plans illustrates in his 1500+ page document. Breivik is also technology savvy and has love for computer games specially war games. In his preparation he also mentions leveraging facebook as social networking site to reach like-minded people and to distribute his message to target audience including parliament members of European countries. He is equally cautious on his way to internet endeavor as well. He puts “The email farming phase is coming towards its end and I will conclude it by at least attempting to acquire as many email addresses to members of parliament in Western European countries as possible. Because I think focusing solely on distributing the compendium to patriots would be a mistake as they have little to no political influence in the EUSSR/USASSR hegemony. It is important that our enemies know “how we see what they are doing”. The national intelligence agencies of Europe will do everything they can to limit its distribution. They will not allow the parliament members of any nation to read it, so we must send it directly to them. It’s a shame I have to purge my 5000 Facebook contacts. It took so much time and work to acquire all those contacts and I get the feeling I’m purging a little piece of my life, lol. But I did get what I came for after all; every individuals email address”.

Whatever you think of him after Norway incident in which 85 people are kiiled, Breivik also anticipated the propaganda after he being handcuffed and very lightly he puts “Normally I find it quite pathetic to brag about how much one has earned. The only reason I mentioned it is because the cultural Marxist/ multiculturalist government will likely try to attempt to “assassinate my character” by labelling me as an “insane, inbred, pedophile Nazi loser”. They will continue with their old strategies, labelling everyone who opposes the Islamisation of Europe/European multiculturalism as Nazi’s and racists”.

Interestingly Breivik puts blames on Nazi for political instability causing dilution of European culture. Breivik writes “However, I remain a staunch anti-Nazi and I blame NSDAP for the situation we are in. Hadn’t it been for the actions of the cultural right wing extremists known as the NSDAP our Western European countries would not be dominated by the cultural Marxist extremist regimes we witness today. If the NSDAP had been isolationistic instead of imperialistic(expansionist) and just deported the Jews (to a liberated and Muslim free Zion) instead of massacring them, the anti-European hate ideology known as multiculturalism would have never been institutionalized in Western Europe, because the Marxists would never have been so radicalized to begin with. The cultural conservatives would have been in a very strong and dominant situation today.”

Breivik created an agriculture company so that he can source the fertilizer, a main component, required to prepare bomb. Simultaneously he smartly gathered other equipment from different locations including China to be used in his endeavor. But with this extreme thought you can’t right away label him the imbalance of psychology and ignore what he say “I have an extremely strong psyche (stronger than anyone I have ever known) but I am seriously contemplating that it is perhaps biologically impossible to survive the mental, perhaps coupled with physical torture, I will be facing without completely breaking down on a psychological level “. He also realized that not many people have same conviction as him. Thus projecting himself as Christian and a conservative, he wanted to do something that will allow him visibility to the maximum people both nationally and internationally.

In the coming days there will be more discussions around Breivik and his actions and intentions which tried to show anger against Islamic supporter. Another discussion for intelligence agencies will be to findng if there are more person behind Breivik. It will also be of note to see reaction of Islamic world in the aftermath. Also it has to be seen if Breivik was successful in seeding the Culture Protection revolution in Europe. And mother of question, will people really come in support or against of Breivik when his legal prosecution will be in Norwegian court?

To read more about Breivik log please visit http://www.kevinislaughter.com/wp-content/uploads/2083+-+A+European+Declaration+of+Independence.pdf
To watch youtube http://endlessvideo.com/watch?v=rAwp2FnRmsE

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Review: Amantel.com – a fraud calling card- be aware November 19, 2010

Filed under: Uncategorized — rammanohar @ 5:12 am

I am trying to put a real story that happened to me. I have been using a different calling card to make calls from US to India. In hope of getting cheaper and better service, I wanted to explore more options. Then came amantel.com in the story. I saw an advertisement in a desi tv. The advertisement appeared wonderful. Before giving a try, I tried to check on their website http://www.amantel.com . Here is the advertisement you can see for yourself

The offer says, you can make 1000 minutes calls to India for 5 dollar bucks. By no means this offers seems bad on face value. Then, I created an account and tried paying the amount hoping I cracked a best deal before thanksgiving day. But who knew that there will be hidden fraud embedded. While making online payment, the message said there is processing charge of extra 2.99 dollars. This bugged me, so I tried to cross check the offer again. On top summary the words says
Wish your family and friends, with Amantel.com’s Bumper Sale Special(Call India @ 0.5 cents/min and Call Pakistan @ 2.9 cents/min)
Some facts about our Bumper Sale:
>> No hidden fees! >> No membership fees!
>> No activation fees! >> No additional taxes!
>> No contract! >> Rechargeable!
>> Pin less Dialing! >> Speed Dialing!

Please note.. summary mentions no hidden fees. But when you go down below on page after reading hundred of words and Q&A in collapseable style, in a small line you will find there is extra processing fee of 2.99 dollar.

After calculating, I thought that the offer is ok, if not so great. So decided to go ahead with checkout. Made the payment, but I could get the service activated only after calling the service center. ffffffffeeeeeeewwwwwwww .

Well I made the first call to a mobile number (at india time night) for around half an hours . It went well. Next day I tried to call an Indian landline number, then I suddenly realized that the remaining minutes message after dialing a number says that I have around 350 minutes remaning, way below my expectation. I was expecting 960 minutes to be remaining. To understand the gap, I called amantel service center, and there come the surprise. 1000 minutes is valid only for India mobile, and is not applicable for landline. I understood the trap in my mind and laughed at own for being fooled.

Well after that I was waiting just to use all the remaining calls, before I could say bye-bye to amantel. But there was another bomb to explode. I was making calls happily, I found minutes are going down, and I found the remaining minutes to India landline is around 100+ minutes. Suddenly I got an email from credit card company that amantel had recharged my account. I hurried and checked my amantel online account and found that they have recharged account for sales price $10, and added service charge of 2.99 dollar on that. meaning grand total of 12.99 dollars. But the question was why the auto-recharge happened, when there was still a balance in account. I checked here and there to findout why it happened, thats where I found in payment mail sent from amantel stating “Anytime, PIN balance falls below a minimum balance of US $3.00, the PIN will automatically charge your Credit Card for the specified amount”. Just tried to calculate from start. I bought product for $5 (if service charge of $2.99 is excluded). Just after using $2 i.e 60% balance still in account, amantel forces for recharge. How much efficient service ? story doesn’t ends here. I tried to call service center assuming it might be error transaction, but it came as a surprise from customer executive that the payment processing is as per their expectation. shocking !!!!!!!!!! where is it written ? answers comes, it is mentioned in terms and condition that there is going to be mandatory recharge for first time. That means, the mandatory minimum cost I have to bear is $5 + $2.99 + $10 + $2.99 = total $21 dollar. The product which had face value of $5 now required me to pay extra cost upto $21.

For all those who want to go with amantel calling card, please note the another trap as they put in their own word “Rounding will be 2 minutes” unlike all other company where rounding is 1 minute.

Please suggest me what should I do next. I tried to check on their website, I don’t find a way where I can stop the auto recharge feature. 🙂 Please help me how to come out of trap.

Please note that the minutes remaining figure quoted are approximate, as I am unable to support this with call history. The call history details couldn’t be located on http://www.amantel.com.

 

Supply of Saltpeter May 29, 2009

Filed under: Uncategorized — rammanohar @ 5:20 pm

A historical document showing madhes (Terai) as the sourcing center for saltpeter for gurkhali ammunition.

————————————————————–

Supply of Saltpeter

(a) To the Umra of Sindhuli: “We have granted the monopoly for the supply of saltpeter (Soramahal) to Basudev Mehtari fromt the Vikrama year 1853. We have provided him with a sample of refined saltpeter, with instructions that 220 maunds of crude saltpeter be processed to produce 110 maunds of refined saltpeter. A sample has been sent to you also. Accept delivery of saltpeter according to that sample on the basis of the maund used in the plains (madhesh) and issue a receipt.” 

Regmi Research Collection, Vo. 23, pp. 261-62.

(b) To the Subba, Fouzdars, Chaudharis, Kanugoyes, Mokaddams, birtaowners, and ijaradars of Mahottari district: “The Soramahal in the district has been granted to Basudev Mehtari from the Vikrama year 1853. Let his men open saltpeter depots at all places in the district where (saline) earth is available. You shall be punished if you create any obstruction in their work.” 

Regmi Research Collection, Vol. 23, p. 262. 

(c) The same day, an official receipt was issued under the royal seal for the following quantities of saltpeter delivered by Basudev Mehtari and Ganga Mehtari through Murali Mehtari to the Umras of Sindhuli against the total quantity stipulated for the Vikrama years 1851 and 1852:- 

(1) Delivered on Baisakh Baisakh Badi 9, 1851

     to Umra Ratna Singh     … 124 maunds

(2) do. to Gurja Singh on     … 43½ maunds

(3) do. 60¼ maunds on

     less 7¾ maunds remitted     … 52½ maunds 

                                              Total:  220 maunds

Regmi Research Collection, Vol. 23, p. 265. 

(d) Basudev Mehtari was granted a five-year ijara for the collection of duties on salt (nimak-sair) and procurement of saltpeter (soramahal) from Baisakh Badi 1, 1853 to Chaitra Sudi 15, 1857 on lands of all tenure-categories, including birta and jagir, in t he pargannas of Mahottari, Kodari, Khesraha, Bahaura, and Barahaga. In addition, revenue from the moujas of Bardaha and Bilasharigama in Mahottari perganna, was assigned to him for the same period to finance saltpeter procurement. Basudev Mehtarii was granted authority to collect revenue from all existing sources (mal-jihat), sair-jihat, kul, hubutat, bahama, Jehati, and amilan levies) in these three moujas. 

 

83. 

    The order apportioned the saltpeter output in the areas placed under the jurisdiction of Basudev Mehtrai as follows:- 

Vikrama Year  Total Output  Producers’ Share Government’s Share

                       (in mauds)   (in mauds)   (in maunds) 

    1853   220   110   110

    1854   220   110   110

    1855   220   110   110

    1856   220   110   110

    1857   220   110   110

          Total   1,100   550   550

                            maunds  maunds  maunds 

    Basudev Mehtari was required to purchase the producers’ share of the saltpeter output, pack it in bags, and deliver it at Sindhuli. Procurement and porterage expenses were sanctioned at the rate of Rs. 3¼ a maund, thus making a total bill of Rs. 1,787½ for 550 maunds of saltpeter during the five-year period, or Rs. 357½ a year. 

          Particulars of revenue assessed from the above-mentioned moujas were as follows:- 

Vikrama Year  Bardaha Bilasharigama   Total

          1853   Rs. 101  Rs. 256½   Rs. 357½

          1854   Rs. 101  Rs. 256½   Rs. 357½

          1855   Rs. 101  Rs. 256½   Rs. 357½

          1856   Rs. 101  Rs. 256½   Rs. 357½

          1857   Rs. 101  Rs. 256½   Rs. 357½ 

    The total crude saltpeter output, inclusive of the producers’ share, was 220 maunds year. Basudev Mehtari was ordered to process the crude saltpeter, produce 110 maunds of refined saltpeter every year, and deliver it at Sindhuli. 

Regmi Resarch Collection, Vol. 23. pp. 266-67.

 

Thumbs Up !! Big B May 2, 2009

Filed under: Uncategorized — rammanohar @ 5:08 am
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Aishwariya Rai Bachchan(L), Amitabh Bachchan (C) and Abhishek Bachchan

You have voted for the recent General election … in spite of above 40 degree celcius temperature, news of violence, long queue on polling booth, long list of criminals as candidate, and in spite of your busy schedule … Thumbs Up … but no Middle finger plz.

Yes, Show Thumbs Up and don’t show Middle finger. Isn’t it depict ugly? For what purpose your middle finger was raised? For Indian democracy? For candidate you not voted? For those people who escaped voting ? For the Indian media? or For your own ? Even child in primary school today knows, what it means, if middle finger is shown.

whatever the reason, but it gives a ugly picture of yours through the media. Even though it may not have been required to show any finger, if at all you voted, but it’s ok, you want to glamourize the act.

There were many from glam industry showing middle finger in the morning news paper. Just imagine, how would have people started the day, seeing your middle finer at the early morning. How the smile on your face was contracting the sign of your funger? and how the western world will think of your family pack in middle finger up?

But some people were good to show all finger together, and not the only middle, while showing blue ink (mark of you have casted your voting).

Why not Thumbs Up? It would have been better, if you along with your wife Jaya, son Abhishek and Bahu Aishwaya would have given Thumbs-up. A symbol of confidence. 

Thumbs Up !!! Thumbs up

 

गूगल हिंदी अनुवाद की पेशकश – or Birth of Hingoole ? May 6, 2008

Filed under: googler,Technology,Uncategorized — rammanohar @ 6:49 pm

गूगल हिंदी अनुवाद की पेशकश” is the Google way of saying “Google offers Hindi translation”.

Google has done once again next to impossible. May 2008 “Google offers Hindi translation” for Indian people. Not only Hindi, but Tamil, Telugu, Kannada and Malayalam are also part of new development.

Using this feature, user will be able to translate online from English to Hindi and vice-versa.

Translating English to Hindi may not be of so much difficult as, translating Hindi to English. Being computer freak I know the difficulty, to parse the grammar of Hindi language through computer programming. And in either case, translating sentence from one language to another is itself challenge. But at the bottom of the translation-engine is the rule for placing Subject, verb and object in proper sequences. Simple translation of each word does work.

But as everyone might be guessing. The Google translator is not perfect. In simple sentence it will give good result, but in complex sentence, it gives alot of error. Error not only in Words, but also in syntex. Where word is complex, translator put the word as it is.

Ex

“”“I love you””= “” मैं प्रेम आप “” – Sentence with Quote

“I love you” = “मैं आपसे प्यार करता / करती हूँ – Sentence without Quote

But some of the problem are in the area where it is proper noun. Suppose If someone named “Sher Singh” appears in sentence, then it will be translated to Lion Tiger.

“, शेर-शायरी” = “, The lion – poetry”

शेर-शायरी” = “Sher – poetry”

I found a way to deceive translator in a while. Its Case sensitive. Like,

“Tiger is strong” = “टाइगर मजबूत है”

“tiger is strong” = “बाघ मजबूत है”

Right now in summary I can only say, Google translator fumbles away with literal dictionary words when one tries complex sentences, idiomatic usage or slang words. The Hindi translation of the summary line is “फिलहाल में सार का कहना है कि मैं ही कर सकते हैं , गूगल अनुवादक fumbles दूर शब्दों के साथ शाब्दिक शब्दकोश की कोशिश करता है जब एक जटिल वाक्यों , शब्दों में बोली या उपयोग मुहावरेदार”. What language is this? Can you make it out? Let say it “Hingoole”. A Google standard Hindi + English.

When Hindi mixed with English, we had Hinglish. Now Google made it Hingoole or Hingoolish. Which one sounds better :)?

If you are able to make anything out of this new Google tool, start using. Your Hindi proficient parents will simple have boundless happiness with the new google offer. Give a try with some Hindi movie songs and films title names, and see it for yourself @ http://www.google.com/translate_t?langpair=en|hi

 

The Problem is.. May 2, 2008

Filed under: Uncategorized — rammanohar @ 7:53 pm
Tags:

The Problem is..

It has been long, I tried posting on mine blog. I wouldn’t have been instigated either, had it not been a failure to post a comment on a post on a blog. To mine best luck, the comment section of the blog post is blocked. The reason is blogger personal issue, and fear of getting exposed in front of light.

The blog title is as you see “the problem is”.. its really a problem in the intellectually fresh graduate. Most confused, and trying to be idealist, and pretending to be realistic, rather than practicing the realistic.

Be it Engineering grad or MBA grad. Each one has so solid theory in mind and fresh energy in body that they miss out a fact that “Theory of Constraint” is also something, and it lies out of academic course. Tragedy is, nowhere during Engg or MBA had this theory appeared, but it plays implicit role everywhere. The problem is when we read any theory, constraint has never been considered, and as a result out real life problem solving nature has not been modeled accordingly to consider the “constraint factor”.

In simple language “Constraint” is nothing but a dimension which says you can’t bypass the relationship of one earthly entity with another. Constraint mutely express, if you wish to ignore this relationship and want to move ahead, don’t expect that the world will change in your absence. “Constraint” also says that if you want to make difference for other, take others into confidence, else be happy with the difference you have with others, and enjoy the happiness alone.

There are thousands and thousands of constraint around. For Ex. Everyone is not equal. If you have money, but that may not guarantee you have right to purchase whole world. You may have brilliant ideas, superb knowledge, and you may be exceptionally intelligent, but that doesn’t mean that whoever remain unconvinced by your thinking process don’t deserve to be listened. You may have millions dreams, trillions aspirations, zillions energy and limitless self-confidence and self dependency to convert into reality, but that in no way can/should stop others to multiple your success by becoming part of your story.

“My intellect, my views on life, my ways of life, my level of maturity matter and matter a lot”. Off course it matter a lot to you. But you can’t ignore the constraint of being in humanly world. If you want to live in human jungle, so does have to bear the rule of jungle. Else there is always path open for “Himalaya” and “Kailash Parwat”. I remember one of mine friend’s signature line which has Arbindo statement.

Whoever is too great must lonely live,
Adored he walks in his mighty solitude:
Vain in his labor to create his kin
His only comrade is the strength within.
Sri Aurobindo

To rule and systematize the jungle, Human discovered the concept of “Democracy”. No matter what’s the outcome. No matter even if it is voted by majority of monkeys to select a donkey, it is alright in so called “self proclaimed” civilized society, for the heck of “Democracy”. And to strengthen the so called democracy, we abide by the theory of “Oh! It has been happening for centuries. It must be right!” Or “That great man said it, it must be right.”.

But why be so critical of this “Democratic” value, only because it has belief in majorities? Are everyone in world bestowed with equally knowledge, patience, resource, emotion and love? If not, how can two individual be of equal competent. Suppose a person is born blind, then extending stick to blind person is in no way disrespect of his capabilities. If some child is crying hungrily, then extending food even without permission doesn’t mean infringement into child’s choice of freedom. If some physically challenged fail to stand confidently in front, then caressing and motivating doesn’t means it is insult to their inner confidence.

Then who is going to decide, who need stick, and who need food, and who need caressing and who need motivation. Should it be one person decision or should it be a decision of collection? Should each one be leader of one man army, or should everyone be follower of each other? Should we demolish old beliefs and create new one daily, or should we follow the old beliefs without any eyebrow?

With all these questions at the center, we have challenge of defining the success for life amid thousand of constraint in life.

Success means exceeding the beloved expectations, success means creating a reason for other to be proud of you; success means finding your happiness in others dream; success means you are missed by someone; success means you complete others life; success means get engulfed in dancing surrounding; success means taking other to dance with you; success means not stopping talk with others; success means creating one good moment for others; success means laughing in pain; success means keep going continuously; success means beating the challenge; Success means managing the constraint;

And the problem is … we are trying to find success in some corporate AC room…in some university lecture.. in some well written book.. And getting success spelled on a A4 size paper in golden ink by some other for you. Getting accompanied by a free voucher for eat outs.

To mine surprise… people found the way to comment on initially discussed post through On the second story…

 

Bara, Parsa, and Rautahat in A.D. 1810 January 26, 2008

Filed under: Uncategorized — rammanohar @ 4:41 am
Bara, Parsa, and Rautahat in A.D. 1810

1. Demarcation of the Nepal-India Boundary

Royal Order to Ijaradar Laxman Giri

Jestha Sudi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 210.

Royal order to Laxman Giri: ”We have received reports that the boundaries have been encroached upon in the Khairsalwar and other moujas from the Moglan (i.e. Indian) side. Check available records in consultation with the local chaudharis, kanugoyes, jaiwars, and other knowledgeable persons, and use force, if necessary, to retain control of territories which belong to us on the basis of such records. Do not relinquish even an inch of territory.

Appointment Subedar Ranajit Bhandari and Mir Munshi Raza Khan

Baisakh Sudi 7, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 184.

Subedar Ranajit Bhandari and Mir Munshi Raza Khan were deputed to demarcate the Nepal-India boundary in the Adapur area of Bara-Parsa district. A unit of the Batukdal Company, stationed in that district, was deputed to assist in the work.

Order to Local Functionaries

Baisakh Sudi 5, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 165.

Royal order to the subba, fouzdar, chaudharis, kanugoyes, mokaddams, jaiwars, jethraiyats, etc. of Bara, Parsa, and Rautahat: ”We have deputed Ranajit Bhandari and Mir Munshi Raza Khan to settle the dispute relating to the boundary at Adapur. Present yourselves before them whenever summoned without any delay.”

Land Grant to Mir Munshi Raza Khan

(1) Baisakh Sudi 1, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 163.

Mir Munshi Raza Khan was granted 3 khets (i.e. 300 muris) of land in Gokarna, Handigaun, Sunaguthi, and Bhadgaun under manachamal tenure.

(2) Baisakh Sudi 5, 1867,

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 164.

Royal order to subba, fouzdar, peshkar, chaudharis, and kanugoyes, of Bara, Parsa: ”We have granted the moujas of Dhanadi, Dharmapur and Inarwa in the Matioun Parganna of Bara-Parsa district as jagir to Mir Manshi Raza Khan. We have granted him exemption from all unpaid-labor obligations (jhara, beth, begar), with the exception of those meant for the royal palace.”
(Mir Munshi Raza Khan was paid a salary of Rs 1,200 per year, of this amount, Rs 400 was assigned in the form of revenue-yielding lands in Saptari-Mahottari. Raghav Singh Khadka, Ijaradar of Sapatari-Mahottari, was ordered on Baisakh Badi 12, 1867 to make arrangements for that land assignment. Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 160).

Emoluments of Ranajit Bhandari

Baisakh Badi 1, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 163-64.

Subba Balabhanjan Pande was ordered to disburse Rs 675 from the revenue collected in Bara and Parsa during the Vikrama year 1867 as the emoluments of Ranajit Bhandari, who had been deputed to settle the boundary dispute in Adapur and compile Jammabandi records in the district for the Vikrama year 1867.

Elephant Granted for Wedding of Mir Munshi Raza Khan’s Nephew

Baisakh Sudi 7, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 184.

Darogas Damodar Jaisi, Mahadev Upadhyaya, Bajavarna Thapa, Dharma Singh Bhandari, and Biradhwaj Khawas of the Hattisar office were ordered to grant an elephant of four cubits for the marriage of Mir Newaji Raza Khan, a nephew of Mir Munshi Raza Khan.

Boundary-Demarcation Regulations

Baisakh Badi 13, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 160-63.

Regulations promulgated in the name of Ranajit Bhandari and Mir Munshi Raza Khan for the settlement of (Nepal-India) boundary disputes.

(Abstract translation).
1. Establish your camp at Adalpur and summon the men deputed by the kanugoye. Tell them that you have been deputed by the Palace to settle the boundary dispute in Adapur.
2. If the kanugoye agrees to accept our claims to Chartla and other areas, as indicated in the course of talks held by the Mahila Guruju in Patna, settle the dispute accordingly in writing in the presence of the fouzdar, chaudharis, kanugoyes, jaiwars, and other knowledgeable people of Bara, Parsa, and Rautahat.
3. If the kanugoye does not accept our claims as mentioned above, ascertain from why such a dispute is being raised on an issue which had already been resolved between the two governments. Try to explain the situation to him.

4. If ( the kanugoye) remains intransigent, send a detailed report to the Mahila Guruju in Calcutta as well as to us.5. If the officials deputed from the other side have already left that place by the time you reach there, do not leave that place. Remain at Adapur and invite the men of the kenugoye.

6. If all mattes are settled with the exception of 50 or 100 bighas of land, do not let the dispute continue.

After the dispute is settled, ascertain the value of property looted from Chhakka Khan and others, make a list of the looters, and obtain a confession from them. If there is no dispute between the two sides on this question, this is good. Otherwise, report the matter to us.
7. If any matter comes up that is not mentioned in the order or regulations, dispose it if you two can agree in a manner that serves our interests. Otherwise, report the matter to us.

Compilation of Land-Tax-Assessement Records

Baisakh Sudi 5, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 165-67.

Royal order to Subedar Ranajit Bhandari: ”We hereby promulgate the following regulations for the preparation of tax-assessment records (Jammabandi) on Amanat basis for areas situated east of the Bariya river and west of the Adabar river in Bara, Parsa, and Rautahat, which are under the administrative jurisdiction of Makwanpur, with the exception of lands assigned as jagir to the employees of the elephant office (Hattisar).

(Abstract translation).
1. Prepare Jammabandi records on the basis of the assessment-rates for different taxes and levies as fixed in the Vikrama year 1850, and have such record endorsed by chaudharis, kanugoyes, ijaradars, mahaldars, mokddams, etc.

2. Sanction the perquisites of chaudharis, kanugoyes, mokaddams, and Jagirdars at the customary rates. Grant only such remissions as had been sanctioned in the Vikrama year 1850.

3. If it appears that revenue can be increased, but the existing ijaradar is not willing to raise the amount, appoint another capable person as ijaradar in consultation with the subba and the fouzdar. Prepare Jammabandi records accordingly.

4. If former ijaradars had collected taxes and levies from the ryots in excess of the rates prescribed in the Vikrama year 1850, obtain a confession from such ijaradars in the presence of the ryots, and then refund the excess amount so collected, and punish them with a fine of twice that amount.
5. If the local subba or fouzdar has taken brides or gifts and granted as ijara to any person for a lower amount of revenue, realize the shortfall from him, and punish the guilty person with a fine of twice that amount.
6. Do not reduce the amount of tax-assessment in collusion with the subba and the fouzdar. Reconfirm all allotments (Patta) of waste lands. Submit particulars of newly-settled moujas. If any person requests for the allotment of wastes lands, have allotment made through the subba and the fouzdar.
7. Do not accept any brides or gifts. We shall punish you if you take brides and reduce the amount of revenue. Transmit all gifts and presents that may be offered to you, and take what we give.

8. Measure and prepare Jammabandi, records of all confiscated lands in Bara, Parsa, Rautahat, Saptari, and Mahottari, other than birta and other grants made under the royal seal. Compile particulars of revenue collected from confiscated lands by Subba Jayafar in the Vikrama year 1866, have such record endorsed by chaudharis and kanugoyes, and forward them to us.
9. Measure all lands that have been assigned in Bara, Parsa, Rautahat, and Mahottari as the emoluments of mechanics employed in munitions factories, grant reasonable remissions to ryots and mokaddams, and prepare Jammabandi records for the balance.
10. Prepare records of new irrigation canals constructed in cultivated moujas. Grant remissions for half of the cost, and prepare Jammabandi records accordingly. Check the expenses sanctioned by the subba for repairing the fort, and peforming religious ceremonies during the Dashain and Fagu festivals, and indicate what expenses are reasonable.

11. Pay salaries as follows to your employees with funds supplied by the subba and the fouzdar:

    1. Rs 125 for a clerk to maintain records.
    2. Rs 20 per month each to two nausindas during the land-assessment operations.
    3. Eleven annas per day each to munsiffs, nausindas, and kathets on the days when lands are measured in each Parganna.
    4. Rs 12 per month each to three peons during the land-measurement operations.

Appointment of Jamadar Keshar Singh Basnyat

Jestha Badi 1, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 191.

Jamadar Keshar Singh Basnyat was given the cultivate (Sanbati) mouja of Archaute in Tokani Parganna of Bara district, on which taxes had been imposed at concessional rates (Kamtalasi) as his jagir from Baisakh Badi 1, 1867. He was entitled to appropriate the proceeds of all taxes and levies collected in that mouja, with the exception of rajanka levies. His duty was to help in the settlement of disputes regarding the (Nepal-India) boundary.
Appointment of Pheku Lal

Jestha Badi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 210-11.

Pheku Lal was granted the waste mouja of Gabhariya in the Matioun Parganna of Bara district as jagir from Baisakh Badi 1,1867. He was granted exemption from the payment of all taxes and levies other than rajanka. His duties were as follows: “Keep records and other evidence ready for use by the subbas whenever there is any dispute about the boundary in the area situated east of the Bariya river and west of the Tista river.”

2. Appointment of Local Functionaries

Appointment of Jhumak Lal Kanugoye

Jestha Sudi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 211-12.

Jhumak Lal was appointed kanugoye in the Parganna of Garh simraun and the tappa of Rautahat with customary privileges and perquisites. The mouja of Pipli-Bhagawanpur was granted to him as his emoluments. He was directed to maintain revenue records and pay the prescribed amount of salami fee to the Palace every year.

Reinstatement of Chaudharis

(1) Jestha Sudi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 211.

Royal order to Modi Rai and Bhinak Rai: ”On Baisakh Badi 1, 1867, we had appointed you as chaudharis in the Parganna of Garh simraun and the tappa of Rautahat. However, the local mokaddams and ryots have complained that they will leave the place if you are appointed as chaudharis there. Inasmuch as you have not been able to defend your case, we hereby dismiss you and reinstate the former chaudharis, Bakhat Rai, Khushilal Rai, and Gauri Rai. If you have made any collections from nanker lands, or other perquisites and revenues, clear the accounts.”
(2) Jestha Sudi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 212.

Bakhat Rai, Khusilal Rai, and Gauri Rai were reconfirmed as chaudharis in the Parganna of Garh simraun and the tappa of Rautahat from Baisakh Badi 1, 1867. They were granted two moujas comprising cultivating lands as their nankar. They were also permitted to appropriate the customary perquisites from these two moujas on payment of the prescribed salami fee every year to the Palace through the Amali.

Appointmetn of Bhusan as Kotwal

Jestha Sudi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 214-15.

Bhusan was appointed Kutwal of Rautahat, Bara, and Parsa with effect from Baisakh Badi 1, 1867. He was responsible for the recovery of stolen property in these districts. His perquisites were as follows:
In cash: One rupee from each mouja of Abal grade every year.

Twelve annas… Doyam grade.

Eight annas….. Sim grade.

Four annas…. Chahar grade.
In Kind: One maund from each mouja of Abal grade.

Thirty seers ….. Doyam grade.

Twenty seers…. Sim grade.

Five seers ….. Chahar grade.
Appointment of Biran Raut as Kotwal

Bhadra Badi 4, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 345-46.

Royal order to Biran Raut: ”You had been functioning as Kotwal of the Pargannas of Sidhmas and Naurangiya in Parsa district. However, these Pargannas were inadvertently placed under the jurisdiction of Bhusan in the Vikrama year 1867. We now reinstate you as Kotwal of these two Pargannas with effect from Baisakh Badi 1. Recover stolen property, including cows, oxen, and buffaloes, to their owners. Obtain your emoluments amounting to Rs 101 every year from the Amil. We also grant the following lands to you as jagir. In the event of disturbances in the border areas, join the Amali along with your own men.

Jagir Lands

10 bighas (including 5 bighas of waste lands) in the mouja of Inarawa in Baluwa, Naurangiya Parganna.

Other Perquisites

In cash: One rupee from each mouja of Abal grade every year.

Twelve annas…. Doyam grade.

Eight annas… Sim grade.

Four annas…. Chahar grade.

In Kind: On maund from each mouja of Abal grade every year.

Thirty seers… Doyam grade.

Twenty seers… Sim grade.

Five seers…. Chahar grade.

One anna from each tangiya (bullock-cart).

Appointment of Mehtar

Jestha Sudi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 213-14.

Royal order to Saburam Kahar: ”We hereby appoint you as Mahtar of ten Kahar families, in addition of foreign Kahars. We also assign you as jagir sixty bighas of waste lands in mouja of Situhar in the Parganna of Sidhmas in Parsa district. With full assurance, promote cultivation and settlement on these lands, and remain in attendance along with your community. Send you gifts of seasonal produce from time to time.
Jagir lands for ten Kahar families – Fifty bighas.

-do- for Saburam Kahar – Ten bighas.

3. Supply of Saltpeter

Shrawan Badi 10, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 305-7.

Royal order to Kamalu Mehtariay: ”We hereby grant you a seven-year contract (ijara) beginning with the Panchbirahi crops from Baisakh Badi 1 1867 and ending with the Rabi crops on Chaitra Sudi 15, 1873, for the following:
(1) Duties on salt (nimak-sair) and mining of saltpeter (sora-mahal) throughout the whole of Bara and Rautahat districts.

(2) Land tax (mal), customs duties (sair), tax on marriages (bihadani), taxes on communal facilities (sagaudha), fines and penalties (danda-kunda), and Amilan-Dastur (levies due to he revenue-collecting authority), in the following moujas, which have been included in the ijara:

    Hajmaniya, Siswa-Damariya, and Simra in Rautahat district.
    Ambapatre in Basantpur Parganna.

Supply the following quantities of saltpeter every year through the Amil and appropriate income from the revenues of the four moujas mentioned above.

Year Total quantity Government’s Ryots’s share to be

(Vikrama) of saltpeter share purchased by the

government

1867 248 … 20 228

1868 248 … 20 228

1869 248 20 228

1870 248 20 228

1871 248 20 228

1872 248 20 228

1873 248 20 228

1,766 140 1,569

Saltpeter shall be purchased from the ryots, and transported Hitaura, on payment of a total amount of Rs 2012¾ per maund, thus making a total expenditure of Rs 4,463-13.
This expenditure shall be met from the revenue of the moujas mentioned above as follows:

Moujas
Year Hajmaniya Ambarpatte Siswa-Damariya Total

(Vikrama) Rs Rs and Simra Rs

Rs

1867 85 100 442-11 637-13

1868 85 100 442-11 637-13

1869 85 100 442-11 637-13

1870 85 100 442-11 637-13

1971 85 100 442-11 637-13

1972 85 100 442-11 637-13

1973 85 100 442-11 637-13
With due assurance, promote cultivation and settlement in these moujas. Prepare 174 pucca maunds after twice processing 348 kaccha maunds of saltpeter extracted one year previously. Load the saltpeter in bullock-carts escorted by men of the Amil, on payment of one rupee for hiring each bullock, and transport to Hitaura. At Hitaura, have it weighed in the presence of the employees of the Sairdar of that place and of the Amil, seal each consignment, have it stored in the godown, and obtain a receipt. Inform the Dittha in charge of saltpeter in Kathmandu that the specified quantity has been supplied in Hitaura.

4. Problems of Revenue Collection

Cancellation of Revenue Remissions

Bhadra Badi 4, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 342-44.

Royal order to the chaudharis and mokaddams of Bara-Parsa district: ”Chaudharis have signed ijara bonds for each Parganna, and mokaddams have done so for each mouja. Even then, you have obtained remissions for the Vikrama year 1866 on account of drought, expenses incurred in providing irrigation facilities and perfiorming religious ceremonies, and loss of revendue cuased by Guthi and Jagir land grants. No such remissions can be permitted in ijaras. Any profit or loss belongs to you. The account of such remissions was not debited when Subba Jayafar’s account were audited at the Sadar Dafdarkhana.

”Jamadar Ganga Bux of the Rautahat has been deputed along with his troops to recover the amount from you. Liability to refund it belongs to chaudharis and mokaddams, not to the ryots. You shallbe punished if you shift this liability to the ryots. You shall be held guilty if you be recovered from the property of the present subba, fouzdar, chaudharis, kanugoyes, and mokaddams who may create such obstructions.

Particulars
1. Cherwant Parganna, under the jurisdiction of Bhikha Chaudhari.

Rs 18-12 remitted as sikaha(?) from the revenuesof Kumargedhi mouja.

Rs 11-4 remitted on the ground of small-pox (sitala) in the house of Mansa Gurau in Sapahi mouja.
Rs 18-2 remitted as Jagir and Guthi of the priest of the temple of Sri Rajadevi.
Rs 2-5¼ remitted as Guthi of the temple of Prananath on Nankar lands in Kakari mouja.
Rs 2-5 remitted as Amilan levies in Baspur mouja.

Rs 7 remiited in the account of Chaudhari Juthe Sahu of Newa in Basantapur Parganna for sikaha (?).
Rs 22-8 remitted as half (nisaf) of the expenses incurred in constructing irrigation channels in the area under the jurisdiction of Daya Chaudhari in Bariyarpur Parganna.
Rs 31 remitted from revenues due from Chakledar Kesar Singh to Tokani Parganna.
Rs 25 remitted as sikaha (?) of Bhaluwi mouja.

Rs 6 remitted from revenues due from Kashi Krishn of Parasto mouja from an expenditure of Rs 31, of which Rs 25 has been remitted.

Rs 150 due against a total amount of Rs 200 payable as salami in consideration of the appointment of Thagmadhi, Bihari, Nandan, and Naya as Chaudharis in Sidhmas Parganna.
Rs 132-11½ due from Hari Chaudhari in Jagatpur, Naurangiya Parganna. The breakdown is as follows
Rs 16 due ion Parasurampur mouja.

Rs 91-10½ due in Parsauni mouja against a total amount of Rs 116-10½/
Rs 15-5 due in Damarpur mouja.

Rs 10 spent on irrigation facilities in the moujas of Shyampur, Parasurampur, Bhedihar and Tedobhiya.

Rs 189-13 due in Garaf-babuwa under the jurisdiction of Pheru Chaudhari in the same Parganna. The breakdown is as follows:

Rs 79-13 from a total amount of Rs 184 due in the moujas of Pindari and Sikasa.

Rs 110 as salami in addition to the Jammabandi assessment in the mouja of Tulsi-Barwa.

Rs 19-3 remitted in the Parganna of Cherwant, under the jurisdiction of Bhikha Chaudhari, during term of Subba Desharath Khatri in the Vikrama year 1865. The breakdown is as follows:

Rs 2-5 as Guthi for the shrine of Isanath.

Rs as Vasashasti (?) of Surath Pathak.

Rs 1-14 as Amilan levies from the mouja of Baspur

Land Tax-Assessment Rates of Hillsmen

Jestha Sudi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 213.

Royal order to hillsmen cultivating lands in Bara-Parsa district: ”We hereby reconfirm the following land-holdings and land-assessment rates, which had first been introduced in the (Vikrama) year 1850:
Category of Cultivator Size of Holding Abal 4 bighas.

Doyam 3 bighas.

Sim 2 bighas.

Chahar 1 bigha.

Land-Tax-Assessment Rates

Irrigated land: One rupee per bigha.

Inirrigated land: Eight annas per bigha.

”Cultivatate your lands with full assurance, and pay taxes at the prescribed rates every year through the subba. If you cultivate lands in excess of the figure mentioned above, you must pay taxes at the rates current in the Parganna.”
Land Measurement

Baisakh Badi 9, 1867 (April 1810).

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 151.

Royal order to the jimidars, kanugoyes, mokaddams, ijaradars, and ryots of Bara and Parsa districts: ”Bhikha Chaudhari and other jimidar have come to the Palace with the complaint that ryots are finding it difficult to live because taxes have to be paid on Amanat even though these have not been measured. We shall, therefore, send munsiffs (survey officers) to measure such lands for the crops of the year 1867 Vikrama (A.D. 1867). Cultivate your lands with the assurance. In case anybody has reclaimed virgin lands, these shall not be granted as jagir, birta, or manachamal. If such reclaimed lands are inadvestantly so granted, you shall not be deprived of possession during the term of the allotment (patta). In that even, pay the taxes on such lands to the jagirdar or birtaowner, as the case may be, instead of to the subba or the fouzdar.”
(An order to Subba Balabhanjan Pande of Bara as well as to the local fouzdar and Peskhar, directing them to make arrangements for the measurement of lands in the manner mentioned above, was issued on the same date. Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 150).

5. Jagir Grants

Jagir Grant to Gulimani Musahar

Baisakh Badi 9, 1867 (April 1810).

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 158.

Five bighas of lands in Siripur mouja of Basantapur Perganna in Bara district had been granted as jagir to Gulimani Musahar in consideration of the services provided by him in procuring herbs and drugs for the royal palace. The grant was reconfirmed by royal order on Baisakh Badi 9,

Royal Order to Modi Mishra

Baisakh Sudi 9, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 185-86.

Royal order to Modi Mishra: ”We had granted the mouja of Hathiauli in the tappa of Rautahat to Pheku Lal. We have now received reports that you do not obey the orders of the jagirdar, but do what you like. If you want to stay on in that mouja, pay land tax at the rate of Rs 12½ per bigha. If you cannot pay the tax at this rate, shift your residence to your birta lands, not in the jagir lands of Pheku Lal. The Amil had given you birta land in that mouja; do not press your claim to that land.”

6. Birta, Mokarri, and Other Land Grants

Mokarri Grant to Gasain Prem Giri

Shrawan Badi 10, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 309.

Gosain Prem Giri had reclaimed the mouja of Maidhi in Rautahat. The mouja was granted to him as mokarri from Baisakh Badi 1, 1867. He was authorized to appropriate the proceeds of all taxes and levies collected in that mouja, with the exception of rajanka levies, in consideration of the payment of Rs 125 through the local Amil every year.
Mokarri Grant to Jagannath Bairagi

Jestha Badi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 219-20.

Jagannath Bairagi was granted the mouja of Khairbati in Asibhou Parganna of Bara-Parsa under Mokarri tenure on payment of Rs 201 every year. He was otherwise granted exemption from the payment of all taxes and levies, with to the elephant office (Hattisar).

Mokarri and Other Grants to Mukhiyas

Kartik Badi 5, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 480.

Royal order to Subba Balabhajan Pande: ”We have deputed Mukhiyas Hridaya Singh Das and Harsha Das to audit accounts in Garhwal. Hridaya Singh Das had been granted nankar lands in consideration of his appointment as kanugoye-patwari of the Pargannas of Sidhmas and Cherwant we had reconfirmed the grant at phikdar subject to a salami payment of Rs 185 yearly. Mayaram Das, Kumar Singh Das, and Harsha Das had been granted ijaras for the reclaimation of virgin lands, as well as lands under mokarri tenure. We reconfirm all these grants during the period when these persons are on duty in Garhwa.”

Birta Grant to Santaram

Aswin Badi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 399.

While in Banaras, ex-King Rana Bahadur Shah had granted the mouja of Soharisuhapur in the Naurangiya Parganna of Bara-Parsa as birta to Santaram through a ritual gift. Deva Sharma Ypadhyaya and Bhakta Singh Karki were ordered not to collect any fee from Santaram in consideration of the copper-plate inscription issued to him, but to measure the lands.
Phikdar Grants to Kokil Khawas.

(1) Bhadra Sudi 5, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 381.

Kokil Khawas was granted 1,000 bighas of land in Bhatni, Simra, Baerwa, and Sahathaul in Sidhmas Parganna of Bara-Parsa district unde phikdar tenure. 955 bighas were virgin lands, while 45 bighas had been reclaimed by Kokil Khawas himself. The grant exempted Kokil Khawas from the payment of all taxes and levies, with the exception of Gadimubarak, Godduwa, and Chumawan. The grant was inheritable.

A separate order was sent on the same date to Subba Lalabhanjan Pande, Fouzdar Narsing Basnyat, Peshkars Hula Lal and Khelapati Das, and the local chaudharis, kanugoyes, and jaiwars to demarcate the boundaries of these lands on payment of the customary fees. (Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 380-81).

(2) Jestha Sudi 6, 1967.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 220.

1,000 bighas of waste lands in the mouja of Man-Susahari in Sidhamas Parganna of Parsa district were granted to Kokil Khawas under Phikdar tenure, Subba Balabhanjan Pande of Bara-Parsa, and other local officials and functionaries were ordered to measure the lands and demarcate the boundaries.
(The royal order granting these lands to Kokil Khawas had been issued to Baisakh Sudi 5, 1867. (Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 169).
On Baisakh 5, 1867, the subba and other local authorities were ordered to given possession of the lands to Kokil Khawas. (Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 166).
Kush Birta Bitalab Grant to Radha Ballabh Vaidya

Bhadra Badi 4, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 341-42.

Radha Ballabh Vaidya was granted four moujas in the Parganna of Matioun in Bara district, Jagannathapur, Akarpathar, Dhodiya, and Bhusaha, as Kush Birta Bitalab on a tax-free basis.

Bekh-Baniyad Grant to Bhikha Sahu Chaudhari

Baisakh Sudi 9, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 185.

In the Vikrama year 1864, the waste mouja of Chataura in the Khesraha Parganna of Bara district had been granted to Bhikha Sahu Chaudhari on Bekh-Buniyad tenure. The grant was reconfirmed on Baisakh Sudi 9, 1867.
Bekh-Buniyad Grant to Hari Chaudhari and Dalpati Chaudhari

Jestha Sudi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 212-13.

Royal order to Hari Chaudhari and Dalapati Chaudhari: ”In the (Vikrama) year 1855, our father (i.e. King Rana Bahadur Shah), had granted you as Bekh-Buniyad 201 bighas of land in Basantpur mouja of Naurangiya Parganna, which had been lying waste for more than 100 years. The order stated that the lands should not be taken away so long as you remain loyal to us. You have been using these lands until the (Vikrama) year 1866. We hereby reconfirm the grant.”

Gulphul Grant to Ananda Das Bairagi

Jestha Sudi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 213.

Ananda Das Bairagi Giri was granted ten bighas of waste lands in the mouja of Rampur in the Khesraha Parganna of Bara-Parsa district for use as a garden and orchard under gulphul tenure.

Reconfirmation of Birta Lands of Monastery

Aswin Badi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 398-99.

Royal order to Mahant Nirvan Giri: ”Formerly, the King of Makwanpur had granted two moujas in Bara-Parsa district, Darwa in Sidhmas Parganna and Bankatwa in Naurangiya, as ritual gifts to Mahant Kripal Giri. These lands now belong to your monastery under birta tenure. When Lal Giri, the preceptor of Lal Giri, left the monastery he took away documents with him without permission. On the authority of these documents, he appropriated the produce of these lands. We now reconfirm these lands as the property of that monastery. Our father (i.e. King Rana Bahadur Shah) had also done so. we hereby nullify the claim of Lal Giri and reconfirm these birta lands as the property of your monastery. Take custody of the documents which are in the possession of Lal Giri. Use the ands as birta according to the terms of the original grant, perform the customary religious functions, and wish victory to us.”
Levy on Copper-Plate Inscription

Shrawan Badi 8, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 290.

Royal order to the two Ditthas who had been deputed to collect the levy on copper inscriptions of birta land grants in Bara, Parsa, and Rautahat: ”We had ordered you to disburse funds to Chandrashekhar Upadhyaya and Subedar Dokal for the purchase of goods in Banaras. We have now received reports that you have refused to makde the disbursement on the ground that no such provision has been made in the regulations that have been issued in your name. Collect the levy from birtawner as the rates mentioned in the regulations and disburse the amont mentioned in the royal order. If you make any delay in doing, so thereby disrupting work, you shall be held responsible.”

7. Land Reclamation and Irrigation

Land Grant to Bikha Chaudhari

Baisakh Sudi 5, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 174.

Bikha Chaudhari was granted authority to settle and reclaim waste lands in the area bounded by Mahekarpokhar in the south, the Churia Valley in the north, the Tarachhi river in the east, and the Bakaiya river in the west. The lands were situated in the Dostiya Parganna of Bara district.
Ijara Grant to Subba Jalim Singh

Baisakh Sudi 5, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 178-79.

Subba Jalim Singh was given as seven-year contract (ijara) for reclaiming the waste mouja of Sugauli in Sidhmas Parganna of Bara-Parsa district from the Panch-birahi crops of the year beginning Baisakh Badi 1, 1865 to the Rabi crops of the year ending Chaitra Sudi 15, 1871. He was authorized to appropriate the proceeds of all taxes and levies in that mouja, with the exception of rajnaka levies, in consideration of the following every year:

Year Mal Increase Total

Payment Rs Rs

Rs

1865 5 0 5

1866 5 1-4 6-4

1867 6-4 3-2 9-6

1868 9-6 7-0½ 16-6½

1869 16-6½ 16-6½ 32-131870 32-13 1-0½ 33-13½

1871 33-13½ 1-8¼ 35-6¼
The order added: ”With due assurance, promote cultivation and settlement in the mouja. Make the stipulated payment every year to the Amil. Procure settlers from birta lands, as well as from the Moglan (i.e. the Mughal country). If you procure settlers from Mal (i.e. taxable) lands, thereby reducing the revenue, or represent cultivated lands as waste, you shall be punished. Unpaid-labor obligations (Jhara, beth, begar) in the mouja have been remitted. Appropriate whatever amount you can raise in addition to the stipulated payment. If other people have started reclaiming lands in the mouja, do not disturb them. But if they have it waste, make payments as stipulated.”

Operation of Canal

Baisakh Sudi 9, 1867.

Regmi Research Collectio, vol. 39, p. 185.

Royal order to Subba Balabhanjan Pande: ”In the Vikrama year 1850, an irrigation canal had been constructed in the Parganna of Mewa. It was in operation until the Vikrama year 1866. In the Vikrama year 1867, Laxman Giri demolished it. This should not have been done. If the canal irrigates both Birta and Jagir lands, renovate it and distribute the water equitably.”
Ijara Grant to Mahant Ganesh Giri

Jestha Badi 1, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 199-200.

Mahant Ganesh Giri was given a ten-year contrat (ijara) for reclaiming the waste moujas of Pokhariya and Tejapagari in the Garh Simraun Parganna of Rautahat from the Panchbirahi crops of the year beginning Baisakha Badi 1, 1866 to the Rabi crops of the year ending Chaitra Sudi 15, 1875. He was authorized to appropriate the proceeds of all taxes and levies in that mouja, with the exception of rajanka levies, in consideration of the following payments every year:

Year Payment Increase Total

Rs Rs Rs

1866 10 0 10

1867 10 2-8 12-8

1868 12-8 6-4 18-12

1869 18-12 14-1 32-13
1870 32-13 32-13 65-101871 65-10 32-13 98-7

1972 98-7 24-10 123-1

1873 123-1 15-6 138-7

1874 138-7 8-10½ 147-1½

1875 147-1½ 4-9¼ 151-10¼
The order added: ”With due assurance, promote settlement and cultivation in these moujas, and make the stipulated payment every year. Procure settlers from the Moglan (i.e. India), as well as from jagir and birta lands. You shall be punished severely if you procure settlers from raikar lands. Unpaid-labor obligations (beth, begar) have been remitted.”
Ijara Grant to Nandan Chaudhari

Jestha Sudi 6, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 215-16.

Nandan Chaudhari was given a ten-year contract (ijara) for reclaiming the waste mouja of Chhotki-Phulbari in the Sidhmas Parganna of Parsa district from the Panchbirahi crops of the year beginning Baisakh Badi 1, 1867 to the Rabi crops of the year ending Chaitra Sudi 15, 1876. he was authorized to appropriate the proceeds of all taxes and levies in that mouja, with the exception of rajanka levies, in consideration of following payments every year:

Year Mal Payment Increase Total

Rs Rs Rs

1867 5 x 5

1868 5 1-4 6-4

1869 6-4 3-2 9-6

1870 9-6 7-0½ 16-6½

1871 32-13 16-6¼ 32-13

1872 32-13 16-6¼ 49-3½

1873 49-3½ 18-6¼ 67-10¼

1874 67-10¼ 16-14½ 84-8¾

1875 84-8¾ 10-9¼ 95-2

1876 95-2 5-15 101-1
The order added: ”With due assurance, promote settlement and cultivation in these mouja. Make the stipulated payment every year to the Amil. Procure settlers from birta lands, as wellas from the Moglan (i.e. the Mughal country). If you procure settlers from Mal (i.e. taxable) lands, thereby reducing the revenue, or represent cultivated lands as waste, you shall be punished. Unpaid-labor obligations (jhara, beth, begar) in the mouja have been remitted. Appropriate whatever amount you can raise in adition to the stipulated payment. If other people have started reclaiming lands in the mouja, do not disturb them. But if they have left it waste, make payments as stipulated.”
Construction of Canal in Rautahat

Bhadra Badi 4, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 340-41.

Gosain Siddha Puri had previously obtained the mouja of Madhopur in the tappa of Rautahat, located in the Parganna of Garh Simraun, with the administrative headquarters in Makwanpur. The grant was reconfirmed on Bhadra Badi 4, 1867 through a royal order. The order also stated: ”The area depends on rainfall for cultivation you have now offered to construct a dam there for irrigating lands in your own mokarri mouja, as well as in four or five adjoining moujas. We grant you permission to do so. with due assurance, promote settlement and cultivation in that mouja and pay the stipulated amount of tax to the Amil every year.”

8. Goods and Services for the Royal Palace

Disbursements of Ram Narayan

Baisakh Badi 12, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, pp. 159-60.

Goods worth Rs 2001 and 3 annas had been bought on credit from Ram Narayan, a merchant, on Chaitra Sudi 6 and 12, 1867. Laxman Giri was ordered to disburse the amount from the ijara revenues collected in Rautahat during the Vikrama years 1866 and 1867.

Purchase of Banat Cloth

Ashadh Sudi 3, 1867.

Regmi Research Collecion, vol. 39, pp. 238-39.

Laxman Giri was ordered to disburse Rs 483-6 from the ijara revenues collected from Rautahat in the Vikrama year 1867 as the cost of banat cloth purchased on credit from traders. The breakdown was as follows:
Rs 115 for 20 yards of banat cloth purchased for Hanumanta Singh from Bhoj Kelwar at the price of Rs 5-12 per yard on Baisakh Sudi 3, 1867.
Rs 124 for 15½ yards purchased from Utin Kelwar at the price of Rs 8 per yard on Jestha Badi 6, 1867.

Rs 244-6 for 42½ yards purchased from Utin Kelwar at the price of Rs 5-12 on Jestha Sudi 15, 1867.

Remittance to Banaras

Ashadh Badi 12, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 233.

Bhakta Singh Karki and Deva Sharma Upadhyaya were ordered to disburse Patna Rs 4,000 to Chandreshekhar Upadhyaya and Subedar Dhokal in Banaras for the purchase of goods from revenue collected from the levy on copper inscriptions of birta land grants in Bara, Parsa, and Rautahat.
Porterage Services

Baisakh Badi 9, 1867 (April 1810).

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 150.

The chaudharis and mokaddams of the Pargannas of Cherwant, Basantapur, Bariyarpur, Khesraha, Tokani, and Totani (in Bara district) were ordered to recruit unpaid porterage services (begar) for the transportation of supplies procured for the Palace from Patna and Calcutta upto Hitaura.

9. Disbursement of Salaris

Salary of Kaji Ranadhwaj Thapa

Baisakh Badi 9, 1867 (April 1810).

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 147.

Laxman Giri, Ijaradar of Rautahat district, was ordered to pay Rs 303 as arrears of salary due to Kaji Ranadhwaj Thapa from the ijara revenues of the year 1867 Vikrama (A.D. 1810).

Salaries of Hattisar Officials

Aswin Sudi 2, 1867.

Regmi Research Collection, vol. 39, p. 421.

Balabhanjan Pande was ordered to pay Rs 3,754 and 11 annas to the officials of Hattisar (Elephant Office) from the revenue collected in Bara and Parsa duringthe Vikrama year 1867,

The End